Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the UK. Prostate Cancer can develop when cells in the prostate start to grow in an uncontrolled way. Symptoms usually include Urinary problems, however Prostate cancer that’s contained inside the prostate (called localised prostate cancer or early prostate cancer) doesn’t usually cause any symptoms. That’s why it’s important to know about your risk and get a Prostate Screening test regularly.

Prostate cancer mainly affects men over 50, and your risk increases with age. The risk is even higher for black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer.


Prostatitis is inflammation (swelling) of the prostate gland. It can be very painful and distressing but will often get better eventually. It is best to seek help if you have symptoms of prostatitis, such as pelvic pain, difficulty or pain when peeing.

There are 2 main types of prostatitis, Chronic Prostatitis and Acute Prostatitis.

Chronic Prostatitis

Chronic prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate where symptoms arise and continue over a period of 3 months or longer. Many health issues, including recurrent bacterial infections and damage to the nerves or muscles in the pelvic area, can cause it.

The main symptom of chronic prostatitis is pelvic or genital pain. For some people, the pain feels like a gnawing ache. For others, it is intense and sharp. The pain may come and go or always be present.

Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is a sudden inflammation of the prostate gland. It is a rare type of prostatitis, which is a common prostate problem, however potentially life-threatening and requires immediate treatment.

Some of the most common symptoms of acute prostatitis resemble those of a UTI and can include a fever, pain in the pelvis, blood in the urine or an increased frequency of urination.

Enlarged Prostate (BPH)

The medical terms for an enlarged prostate are Benign Prostatic Enlargement (BPE), alternatively referred to as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).

An enlarged prostate causes the walls of the urethra to narrow and squeeze together resulting in urinary retention, with symptoms such as slow urine flow and a need for frequent urination.

An enlarged prostate has a significant impact on a man’s quality of life. Sufferers may find that they need to stay near a toilet, which can make it difficult to work, drive, be outdoors and attend social events. If you are getting up a lot during the night to go to the toilet, you may find you feel more tired during the day.

The condition is common in men after the age of fifty, with about 40% suffering urinary symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate. That figure rises sharply to approximately 70%, for men over the age of sixty.

What are the symptoms caused by an Enlarged Prostate?

An enlarged prostate is the most common cause of urinary symptoms in men as they get older

BPH can lead to urinary retention problems with symptoms such as:

  • Weak or slow urine flow
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Urgent need to rush to the toilet, with occasionally leaking
  • Difficulty urinating and fully emptying the bladder
  • Feeling that your bladder has not emptied properly
  • Urinary stream that starts and stops
  • Difficulty or delay in starting urination
  • Needing to push or strain to start urinating
  • Dribbling urine
  • Blood in urine